This project focuses on the development of a computation-based form-finding method that aims to maximize the structural efficiency of user defined surfaces in 3-dimensional space.

The proposed method allows for the overall form of a surface to be maintained and it’s thickness distribution to be optimized to achieve structural efficiency. It relies on simple mathematical principles and can produce design variations rapidly.

"surfkit" is the digital tool that implements the method. The tool operates on arbitrary surfaces supplied by the user in the form of a polygonal mesh and produces an enriched egg-crate or dual-surface (sandwich) representation of the surface geometry considering parameters of structural efficiency such as stiffness. The output of the process can be exported for further use.

Given it's realtime, interactive nature, it can also be of use as an educational tool, demonstrating the process of structural optimization.


Chatzikonstantinou, I., Structural Optimisation as a means for exploring design alternatives. In Proceedinge of the 13th Generative Arts Conference, 2010 Milano, Italy.
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